|I further observed all the oppression that goes on under the sun: the tears of the oppressed, with none to comfort them; and the power of their oppressors—with none to comfort them
Ecclesiastes 4:1 (The Israel Bible™)
וְשַׁבְתִּי אֲנִי וָאֶרְאֶה אֶת־כָּל־הָעֲשֻׁקִים אֲשֶׁר נַעֲשִׂים תַּחַת הַשָּׁמֶשׁ וְהִנֵּה דִּמְעַת הָעֲשֻׁקִים וְאֵין לָהֶם מְנַחֵם וּמִיַּד עֹשְׁקֵיהֶם כֹּחַ וְאֵין לָהֶם מְנַחֵם
Hear the verse in Hebrew
v’-shav-TEE a-NEE va-er-EH et kol HA-a-shu-KEEM a-SHER na-a-SEEM TA-khat
ha-SHA-mesh v’-hi-NAY dim-AT ha-a-shu-KEEM v’-AYN la-HEM m’-na-KHAYM u-mi-YAD o-sh’-kay-HEM KO-akh v’-AYN la-HEM m’-na-KHAYM
Who Will Comfort The Oppressed?
When this verse mentions "all the oppression that goes on," it refers to the suffering of the Jewish people in exile. Kohelet, the author of the Book of Ecclesiastes, observes that not only do people suffer in exile, but there is a lack of leadership to comfort them. The phrase "with none to comfort them" is repeated twice in this verse, hinting that they were lacking the leadership to teach them the two keys for redemption: repentance and prayer. First, the People of Israel will need a leader who will guide them towards repentance, for sincere repentance leads to redemption. Second, they need a leader who will show them how to pray effectively so that their prayers will be answered, and they will be returned to the Land of Israel.