Lesson 9--Joseph (A Type and Shadow of Jesus As Beloved, Rejected, and Exalted Son)




Genesis 43:1-25

 Gen 43:1 Now the famine was severe in the land.2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.”3 But Judah spoke to him, saying, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”4 “If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.5 “But if you will not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”6 And Israel said, “Why did you deal so wrongfully with me as to tell the man whether you had still another brother?”7 But they said, “The man asked us pointedly about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ And we told him according to these words. Could we possibly have known that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”





Gen. 43:8 Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.9 “I myself will be surety for him; from my hand you shall require him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.10 “For if we had not lingered, surely by now we would have returned this second time.”

Summary Gen. 43:1-10

The brothers refused to return to Egypt without Benjamin.

A. The severity of the famine forced Jacob to send to Egypt for more food.

1. His sons reminded him that they were under orders to bring Benjamin.

2. Joseph had warned them that no deal for food could be made, unless this

order was obeyed.

B. Jacob said his sons had treated him badly by revealing the existence of another brother.

1. His sons defended their actions by saying that they were closely questioned.

(This is not confirmed in the account of 42:9-13.)

2. Judah offered to be the guarantor for Benjamin’s safe return.

3. Judah also said that the delay in making this decision had prevented them from making two more trips.

Gen. 43:11 And their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best fruits of the land in your vessels and carry down a present for the man—a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds.

First mention of essential oil.





Gen. 43:12 “Take double money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was an oversight.13 “Take your brother also, and arise, go back to the man.14 “And may God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved, I am bereaved!”

This was the first time Jacob had mentioned God, he had momentarily forgotten those great deliverances at Bethel and again with the Angel at Penile (This is an important lesson for us. We can see God in our blessings, but can we see Him when the storms come?)

Matthew 7:24-27 “Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man who built his house on the rock:25 “and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock.26 “But everyone who hears these sayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand:27 “and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it fell. And great was its fall.”




Mark 4:39 And He got up and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, "Hush, be still." And the wind died down and it became perfectly calm.





In the Hebrew hush literally means: SHHHHHH!!


Gen.43:15 So the men took that present and Benjamin, and they took double money in their hand, and arose and went down to Egypt; and they stood before Joseph.

Summary Gen. 43:11-15

Jacob finally accepted the need to send Benjamin with his brothers to Egypt.

A. In order to give assurance to the governor of Egypt, Jacob also sent the best of the products of the land as a gift.

B. They were also to take back double payment for the grain to show their honesty




Gen. 43:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, “Take these men to my home, and slaughter an animal and make ready; for these men will dine with me at noon.”17 Then the man did as Joseph ordered, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.18 Now the men were afraid because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, “It is because of the money, which was returned in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in, so that he may make a case against us and fall upon us, to take us as slaves with our donkeys.”19 When they drew near to the steward of Joseph’s house, they talked with him at the door of the house,20 and said, “O sir, we indeed came down the first time to buy food;21 “but it happened, when we came to the encampment, that we opened our sacks, and there, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight; so we have brought it back in our hand.22 “And we have brought down other money in our hands to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.”23 But he said, “Peace be with you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; I had your money.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.24 So the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys feed.25 Then they made the present ready for Joseph’s coming at noon, for they heard that they would eat bread there.

Summary Gen. 43:16-25

The brothers were invited to dine with Joseph.

A. When Joseph saw that Benjamin was with them, he told his steward to invite the brothers to dine in his house.







B. The brothers were fearful about this change in Joseph’s attitude toward them.

1. They first supposed that they would be held accountable for the money that

was returned to them on the first trip.

2. They also thought that Joseph would make all of them slaves.

3. They decided to bring up the subject of the returned money to the steward.

4. The steward put them at ease by attributing the return of the money to God.

a. This should have been another clue to the brothers that they were dealing with someone who knew their God.

b. They do not seem to recognize the significance of the clue.

C. The brothers prepared to dine with Joseph, and give him their present.


Fear still prevailed with Jacob and sons. Same with families. 



We will continue with lesson 9 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption, or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue




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