Lesson 9--Joseph (A Type and Shadow of Jesus As Beloved, Rejected, and Exalted Son)
Gen.47:13 Now there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine.14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.15 So when the money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence? For the money has failed.”16 Then Joseph said, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.”17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the cattle of the herds, and for the donkeys. Thus he fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year.18 When that year had ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is gone; my lord also has our herds of livestock. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands.19 “Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants of Pharaoh; give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land may not be desolate.”20 Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for every man of the Egyptians sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s.21 And as for the people, he moved them into the cities, from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other end.22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy; for the priests had rations allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their rations which Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did not sell their lands.
Gen. 47:23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Indeed I have bought you and your land this day for Pharaoh. Look, here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.24 “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households and as food for your little ones.”25 So they said, “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.”26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, that Pharaoh should have one-fifth, except for the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s.
Summary Gen. 47:13-26
Joseph raised Pharaoh’s power to that of a supreme autocratic ruler.
C.Joseph exempted the priests of the Egyptian religion from his measures.
1.They received an allotment from Pharaoh, and did not have to sell their land.
2.Under the Law of Moses, the priests of Israel received the “tithe,” and certain portions of the sacrificial animals and food offerings.
a. Numbers 18:21,24 "To the sons of Levi, behold, I have given all the tithe in Israel 134 for a perform, the service of the tent of meeting.... For the tithe of the sons of Israel, which they offer as an offering to the Lord, I have given to the Levites f or an inheritance; therefore I have said concerning them, 'They shall have no inheritance among the sons of Israel.'"
b.Leviticus 7:32-34 “You shall give the right thigh to the priest as a contribution from the sacrifices of your peace offerings.  The one among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings and the fat, the right thigh shall be his as his portion.  For I have taken the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution from the sons of Israel from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their due forever from the sons of Israel.”
c.Leviticus 2:1-3 “Now when anyone presents a grain offering as an offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.  He shall then bring it to Aaron's sons the priests; and shall take from it his handful of its fine flour and of its oil with all of its frankincense. And the priest shall offer it up in smoke as its memorial portion on the altar, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord.  The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to the Lord by fire.”
3. All the other Egyptians became virtual tenant-farmers to Pharaoh, and were taxed 20% of their produce.
Gen. 47:27-31 So Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly.28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. So the length of Jacob’s life was one hundred and forty-seven years.
Gen. 47:29 When the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Now if I have found favor in your sight, please put your hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me. Please do not bury me in Egypt,
Gen 47:30 “but let me lie with my fathers; you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.”31 Then he said, “Swear to me.” And he swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.
Summary 47: 27-31
Jacob made Joseph swear that when he died, he would not be buried in Egypt.
A. The manner of taking this oath is similar to that used by Abraham. 24:2-9
B. Jacob was satisfied, after Joseph accepted the oath, and worshiped God.
Of course, as mentioned earlier this was setting up Israel to servitude in the land of Goshen. Joseph blessed them, yes, but as well a curse was brought upon the Hebrews. Famine and debt brought this upon them.
Fulfillment of Prophecy
History of Slavery
The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day. However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places.
Slavery can be traced back to the earliest records, such as the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c. 1860 BC), which refers to it as an established institution, and it was common among ancient people.
Slavery is rare among hunter-gatherer populations, because it is developed as a system of social stratification. Slavery was known in the very first civilizations such as Sumer in Mesopotamia which dates back as far as 3500 BC, as well as in almost every other civilization. The Byzantine–Ottoman wars and the Ottoman wars in Europe resulted in the taking of large numbers of Christian slaves. Slavery became common within much of Europe during the Dark Ages and it continued into the Middle Ages. The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, British, Arabs and a number of West African kingdoms played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade, especially after 1600. David P. Forsythe wrote: "The fact remained that at the beginning of the nineteenth century an estimated three-quarters of all people alive were trapped in bondage against their will either in some form of slavery or serfdom."
We will continue with lesson 9 next week.
The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22
David & Mary Sue